MERN Stack: Explained
Table of Content
Do you usually work with a specific tech stack? Do you have a favorite one? We'll focus on a popular web app development choice: the MERN Stack. Below, we'll explain what this stack is, the different technologies that it's made up of, and what makes it a great choice. We'll also go over some frequently asked questions about this particular stack. Further, we'll provide some resources if you want to specialize in the MERN Stack. Let's go!
What is the MERN Stack?
The MERN Stack is a collection of technologies used to develop web applications. It was developed by Facebook back in 2013. MERN is an acronym for the four technologies used: MongoDB, Express.JS, React, and Node. This collection of techs aims to make the development process easier and smoother.
What makes up the MERN Stack?
MongoDB is one of the market's most popular NoSQL database management software (DBMS). It's necessary for any data that needs to be stored in the app (such as content, user profiles, and uploads). MongoDB works exceptionally well with the other technologies in this stack. The DBMS is document-based, supports scalability and agility, and has speedy query performance. If you want to see a case study involving MongoDB, look here! You can also learn more about database management software in this article.
Express is a server-side Node framework. The framework is minimalistic and unopinionated. Further, it's asynchronous, single-threaded, efficient, fast, and scalable. Express provides server-side logic for apps. It's usable for single-page, multipage, and hybrid web app building.
How do they all work together?
MERN Stack with React Native
If you were wondering if you could also create a mobile app with the MERN Stack, the answer is yes. In this case, you'll need to add React Native to the mix. To give you a bit of context, React Native is an open-source framework built on top of ReactJS. The framework is used to develop native mobile apps. Moreover, it's cross-platform, meaning you can use it for iOS and Android. Its benefits include faster development, creating a native interface, and easy testing.
MERN Stack with TypeScript
The MERN Stack is not only flexible on the front-end framework. This tutorial shows that you can also use a different programming language. Also, if you want to learn more about TypeScript, you can check out this article.
FAQs about MERN Stack
Now that we know what it is and how it works let's focus on some of the most frequently asked questions regarding the MERN stack.
Is MERN Stack Front-End or Back-End?
As we've already seen, the MERN Stack includes different technologies to focus on both the front and the back end. As a result, it provides full-stack development. React handles the front end, while Node and Express deal with the back end.
Which companies use MERN Stack?
MERN Stack versus MEAN Stack
The main difference between these two technology stacks is that MEAN uses Angular instead of React for the front end. Angular is not as popular as React, but it is still a robust framework. This change in framework gives different purposes to these two stacks. The MEAN Stack focuses more on file management and abstraction in coding, while the MERN Stack helps you code faster. Moreover, the MEAN Stack is more productive when building large-scale apps, while the MERN Stack is the best option for building small apps in less time. If you want to learn more about the differences between React and Angular, you can check out our article on this topic (which also includes Vue.JS). Also, if you want to take a more in-depth look into the differences between the two types of stacks, you can read this article.
Why use the MERN Stack?
You might be wondering what makes the MERN Stack so great. This section will focus on the advantages of using these four technologies together.
• All its technologies are open-source and are constantly improved.
• The stack is easy to use and makes it easy to build apps quite quickly.
• It offers full-stack development, meaning the four techs work together to create a final product.
• All the technologies are prevalent and have excellent community support.
• The MERN Stack makes code maintenance and bug fixing easy, making this stack cost-effective.
How to learn the MERN Stack?
Node and Express
• CodeCamp's Back-End Dev
• Coursera's Server-side Development with NodeJS, Express, and MongoDB
• Udemy's Intro to Node JS and Express
Full MERN Stack
• Udemy's MERN Stack Front To Back
• Coursera's Full Stack Dev with React
• Pluralsight's Building a Full-Stack App with React 16 and Express 4
These are just some of the resources available for guidance. You are sure to find many more, and some options will adjust to your specific needs and skills.
The MERN Stack ensures a quality upgrade for your business. It's useful for any site, product, and service. Our MERN specialists will accompany your venture in every step. Join the next-gen companies' game! Check out our showcase with some of our incredible projects, and get in touch to learn more about us!