Front End vs. Back End Development

Table of Contents

Web Development
Front End vs Back End
What is Front-End Development?
What is Back-End Development?
Pros of Front End + Back End
What is Full-Stack Development?

Nowadays, Web Development never stops growing. It’s not only about creating or improving websites, apps and programs. Also, they serve to show a business’ strengths to current and potential clients. Having an excellent website requires more than a domain and hyperlinks. The terms Front-End and Back-End come relevant from the very beginning of the development process. These may have different applications, but are two engaged concepts. Together, they reassure the well functioning of a site. In this article, we’ll be talking about why these are so important for every site and every business.

Web Development

Web Development, as its name refers, is the development of websites. It has a vast amount of concepts attached to it. It goes from developing single static pages to complex web applications. Furthermore, it even encompasses social network services.

Usually, the term gets used to name the main non-design aspects of website building. For instance, it includes writing markup and coding. Also, it may use Content Management Systems (CMS) to make changes in an easier way. Inside the web development specialization, there are three main categories. These are front-end, back-end, and full-stack development. While the front-end handles visuals and interfaces, the back-end is in charge of organizing data.

Front End vs Back End

Despite what some may think, these are not two opposite concepts. Rather, Front-End (FE) and Back-End (BE) are two cohesive parts of a web or app development. These areas work in tandem to create proper-functioning systems. Neither of them is more important than the other. Moreover, they complement and need each other to perform.

Webs and apps must be appealing and user friendly. Yet, they also must operate with efficiency and solve problems. When a user enters a command in the interface, it starts a series of processes. This starts with the software verifying the info and communicating with the server. Then, it pulls the necessary data from the database and sends it back to the user. Let’s get deeper about the differences between front-end and back-end development!

What is Front-End Development?

Front-End Development also receives the name of “client-side development”. Its role is to design the front face of a site or app. This goes from its colors to its animations and effects. The design element is where the user interacts with the site. Behind this, there’s coding executed in users’ browsers, which allows them to interact. A Front-End developer dedicates to web design. But, this does not mean they don’t get in touch with coding. Within the FE area, there are certain languages that devs use all the time.


HyperText Markup Language is the center of a website. It’s responsible for providing the overall design and functionality. It uses tags to create structures and organize contents.


Cascading Style Sheets bring style and form. This allows developers to create appealing and interactive website designs.


Javascript is a programming language. Being fast and safe, it complements the previous ones and gives dynamism to websites.

While HTML and CSS are for structure markup and styling, JavaScript is a programming language. With them as foundation, several frameworks and libraries have arisen. Since then, capabilities to create any type of user interface increase everyday. Some of them include React, Redux, Angular, Bootstrap, Foundation, Stylus and PostCSS.

What is Front-End Development?

What is Back-End Development?

While Front-End is the users’ side of a website, Back End Development applies to the server side. Back-End devs are responsible for building, optimizing and maintaining data stores. As a result, all elements on the client’s side can properly work. This applies even in the areas with no direct user contact. BE create and process the database of a software or application.

Furthermore, BE works through frameworks, providing customized components or solutions. As a consequence, these speed up and structure the development process. Some of its most used languages are PHP, C++, Java, and Python.

You can also check our article on different stages of programming languages to learn when each of them were created and what are they used for.frontend backend design development

What is Back-End Development?

Pros of Combining Front End + Back End


Since these are two separated structures, they can be worked in different instances. If one of them needs more resources, arrangements or changes won’t affect the other one.


Considering the complexity of each of them, teams can work together or separate. While some tasks need joint work, others allow an area to fully focus on their field.


Having a platform with divided FE and BE can be really useful. For instance, imagine you have a website and want to create the mobile app version of it. The dev process will be simpler, because its API will be already developed. In this case, you’d only have to make a few changes. What’s more, the Front-End of the website will remain the same.


With Back-End already developed, it’s more frequent that the Front-End gets different modifications. These can be both for aesthetic or UX/UI reasons. Modifying the FE gets easier if you have a functional BE server working. You can apply visual changes relying on the continuous operation of the server side.

What is Full-Stack Development?

Full-Stack Development is the name of the group of tools used to develop a platform. In other words, it unites all the technologies used both in Front and Back-End Development. As a general rule, Full Stack Development is not handled by a single person. But, custom software companies can have proficient developers on both sides. These get the name of Full-Stack developers. As a result, they’re able to both design the client and the data side of a website or app. That means they can create useful interfaces and handle hidden infrastructures.

What is Full-Stack Development?


As we’ve seen, Front-End and Back-End are two separated parts within the creation of a website or app. Yet, they work together to develop an easy and efficient platform. Through different languages, frameworks, and libraries, they build client and data fields. We hope this information was useful for you. Now, you know how devs can create and optimize the different aspects of a software platform. Also, you know how to change specific items without breaking the whole code. If you want to learn more about Software Development, take a look at our article on this topic!

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