Your Guide to Database Software
Table of Contents
In the era of Digital Transformation, companies collect massive amounts of data. These need organized storage, so they can be easy to access and use. As a result, Database Software rose. Also known as Managements Systems or Software, it was the tool created to solve this issue. In this article. we'll go over Database Software's definition, explaining what it does and its features. Also, we'll cover its main types, and provide a list of the best DBMS currently available. Furthermore, we'll analyze the difference between SQL and NoSQL. Join us!
What is Database Management Software?
Database Management Software (DBMS) is the software used to create databases. Besides, it allows users to store, manage, search, and extract information from them. As you can see, the concept of database software is quite simple. Let’s now take a deeper look into what this software does and why it’s necessary.
What does database software do?
We pretty much covered what database software does in its definition. Now, let’s look at its main functions in a bit more detail:
• Creates backups.
• Stores data in a central location.
• Allows lots of users to share data.
• Controls who has access and/or can edit the data.
• Provides user interfaces to access and work with the data.
What are the features of database software?
Besides its main functions, database software has many more useful features. These include:
• Data integrity
• File consistency
• Data structuring
• Security protocols
• Database customization
• Permanent storage of data
• Data-based reports creation
• Large database management
• Saving storage space and money
• Small duplication and redundancy
• User-defined rules and constraints
Why do you need Database Software?
Here is a list of the main reasons that make database software a business must-have:
Sharing Data Across your Company
DBMS makes it possible for all employees across a company to access and manage its data.
Establishing Relationships Between Data
If you have large amounts of data, you will need ways to relate and organize it. Database Systems are great to do this. Also, they prepare reliable analysis and statistics from it.
Improving Data Security
Good Database Software improves the security of your data. As a result, it reduces the chances of breaches. Also, you can give users different access levels; with some of them only able to read data and not change it.
Database Management Systems make it easy to back up your data from one location.
Having different versions of data stored in different places leads to inconsistency. With Database Software, everyone will have access to exactly the same data. That's because software is capable of detecting and removing any data inconsistency.
Fast and Reliable Searches
Database Software saves time. As a result, you don’t have to go through an entire database for a specific piece of information. This, of course, also leads to increased productivity.
Database Software makes your data clear and accessible. This leads to generating higher-quality information. In consequence, you'll have a sound base for your decision-making process.
What are the main Database Software types?
There are various types of database software. Let’s start with the four main types.
First developed by IBM, these store data through a parent-child model. Inhere, databases contain info about these relationships, besides the data itself. Further, these get organized in a tree-like structure. This one-to-one or one-to-many format means child records can’t have more than one parent. Some examples include Windows Registry and IBM Information Management System (IMS).
Invented by Charles Bachman, network DBMSs use network structures to create data relationships. These are more flexible, as they allow many-to-many relationships. For instance, each child can have many parents. In this type, children are "members", while parents are "occupiers". Examples of network database software include IDMS and Raina Database Manager.
In this case, the relationship between data is relational. For example, it's stored in lots of related tables. In this table, the data gets organized in rows and columns. While rows represent different records, columns show attributes. Since it's more flexible than hierarchical and network databases, it's quite popular. As a differential, Relational database software has its own specific programming language. This receives the name Structured Query Language (SQL). Some examples of it include MySQL and Oracle, which we’ll see in more detail below.
This type of DBMS arises from Object-Oriented Programming (OOP). Inhere, entities translate to objects, instead of rows and columns. After this, they get stored in memory. In Object-Oriented Database Software, objects have members like fields, methods, and properties. This DBMS is compatible with many programming languages, such as C++ and Java. Examples of object-oriented database software include Wakanda and ObjectStore.
Besides these four main database software types, there are a few others. Below, we'll delve into non-relational DBMSs, which might fit into a fifth main type. Yet, there are also centralized, columnar, time-series, and cloud database management systems.
SQL vs NoSQL Database Software
When choosing database software, the main decision is to pick a relational or a non-relational one. While they are both viable options, you should keep their differences in mind. This is why, in this section, we’ll go over the differences between the two of them.
The use of structured query language (SQL) is the main difference between these two. For instance, relational database software uses Structured Query Language. Also, it requires predefined schemas to determine the structure of your data. Meanwhile, with non-relational software (NoSQL) you can store data in many different ways. This means that there is no defined structure, and the syntax can vary from database to database. Of course, there are a few other differences that stem from this language difference. You can see them in the table below.
SQL vs NoSQL: Which One Should You Use?
The choice between SQL and NoSQL databases depends on your specific circumstances. Both of them have their pros and cons, so we can’t say one is better than the other. What we can do is tell you in which areas each of them excels. SQL databases are ideal for analyzing behavior-related and customized sessions. These allow you to build custom dashboards, use joins, and execute complex queries. Moreover, when consistency is a priority, SQL database software is widely recommended. Meanwhile, NoSQL DBMS is a clear choice if you need a flexible schema. For instance, when you don’t need ACID support, to store temporary data, and when data sets tend to mutate. It's also the recommended type of database for large datasets and big data analysis.
What is the best Database Software?
There are countless database management systems to choose from depending on your needs. We chose our top seven DBMS and will go over them below.
This is one of the most popular NoSQL DBMS available in the market. MongoDB is document-based, supports scalability and agility, and has speedy query performance. Further, it offers 24/7 support as well as reliable backup and recovery methods. You can try this DBMS yourself for free or opt for the Dedicated Plan for $57 per month (Jun. 22). Some of its clients include Toyota and Bosch. If you want to see a case study involving MongoDB, take a look here!
PostgreSQL is a free and open-source object-relational database management system. What's more, it has been in business for over 30 years. Some of its features are database replication and disaster recovery. Also, it includes extensibility and support for many languages and international character sets. Further, it runs in quite a few operating systems. These include Linux, Solaris, Microsoft Windows, macOS, and FreeBSD. If you want to know what PostgreSQL can do, take a look at this success case!
Launched in 2010, Knack is an online database. With Knack, you can structure, connect and extend data through a simple UI without coding. It also offers mobile access, pre-created templates, and support for lots of languages. Some of Knack’s clients include Spotify, Harvard University, and HP. This DBMS offers a 14-day free trial after which paid plans start at $39 per month (Jun '22).
This is an open-source relational database management system. MySQL increases the database's scalability and security, and it's business-oriented. Moreover, it has technical support, and robust backup and recovery facilities. What's more, it's easy to learn, and very flexible when it comes to customization. Also, it has easy integration with the Apache Web Engine. Some of its clients include Booking.com, Dropbox, and GitHub. MySQL offers many features to fulfill various business and technical requirements. As of June of 2022, Its prices range from $2,000 to $10,000.
According to its website, it's “the world's leading converged, multi-model database management system.” Oracle RDBMS provides pluggable databases, secure data management, and smart suggestions. The software is flexible, efficient, has outstanding performance, and cost-effective. Among Oracle customers, there's Motorola Solutions, Zoom, and Samsonite. Further, it aims at established companies, and costs depend on business type and size.
This is one of the most popular RDBMS out there. Microsoft SQL Server offers excellent performance and improved query processing. What's more, it has automatic plan correction, and backup and recovery facilities. The software works on Windows, Linus, and Docker. Clients include Itau and the NBA. You can get the Express and Developer versions of Microsoft SQL Server free of cost. After that, paid plans start at $209 (Jun. 22).
Improvado makes it easy to centralize your marketing and sales data. It integrates with over 200 tools, such as Google Analytics, Shopify, and Facebook Ads. Also, it has the possibility to send data to visualization tools, like Google Data Studio. Other features include reduced downtime and backup software. On top of that, it has data recovery options and insightful analytics. Improvado customers include ASUS, Illy, and Ancestry, and it also offers a free trial. After that, its packages start at $100 per month, depending on specific needs.
Database software definitely makes life easier when managing large amounts of data. It's a great tool to process that data and make informed business decisions. Meanwhile, it saves valuable time that can apply to more important tasks. We hope this article has given a useful overview of Database Software and encourages you to get one! Further, we aim to be helpful when deciding which type better suits your business.